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Current issue   Ukr. J. Phys. 2016, Vol. 61, N 7, p.627-647
http://dx.doi.org/10.15407/ujpe61.07.0627    Paper

Teslenko V.I., Petrov E.G.

Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Nat. Acad. of Sci. of Ukraine
(14b, Metrolohichna Str., Kyiv 03680, Ukraine; e-mail: vtes@bitp.kiev.ua)

Regularization of Environment-Induced Transitions in Nanoscopic Systems

Section: General Problems of Theoretical Physics
Original Author's Text: English

Abstract: A novel method for regularization of environment-induced relaxation transitions in nanoscopic systems is proposed. The method, being compatible with the chaotic, stochastic, and transient time scales, is physically consistent and mathematically strict. It allows one to correctly reduce the evolution of a system to a master equation for the balance of populations of its states with the probabilities of transitions between states well satisfying both the temperature-independent activationless limit and the Arrhenius exponentially temperature-dependent activation-like limit. The results obtained are applied to the description of the kinetics of temperatureindependent desensitization and degradation observed in receptor and circadian protein macromolecules.

Key words: nanoscopic system, environment-induced transitions, Liouville–von Neumann equation, nonadiabatic interaction, relaxation processes, temperature-independent kinetics.

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