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Current issue   Ukr. J. Phys. 2015, Vol. 59, N 12, p.1183-1190
https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe59.12.1183    Paper

Zhyganiuk I.V., Malomuzh M.P.

I.I. Mechnikov National University of Odessa
(2, Dvoryanska Str., Odessa 65026, Ukraine; e-mail: zhyganiuk@gmail.com)

Nature of the Frequency Shift of Hydrogen Valence Vibrations in Water Molecules

Section: Solid matter
Original Author's Text: Ukrainian

Abstract: The physical nature of a frequency shift of hydrogen valence vibrations in a water molecule due to its interaction with neighbor molecules has been studied. Electrostatic forces connected with the multipole moments of molecules are supposed to give a dominating contribution to the intermolecular interaction. The frequency shift was calculated in the case where two neighbor molecules form a dimer. The obtained result is in qualitative agreement with the frequency shifts observed for water vapor, hexagonal ice, and liquid water, as well as for aqueous solutions of alcohols. This fact testifies to the electrostatic nature of H-bonds used to describe both the specific features of the intermolecular interaction in water and the macroscopic properties of the latter.

Key words: frequency shift, hydrogen valence vibrations, electrostatic models of water molecule, dimer.


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