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Current issue   Ukr. J. Phys. 2014, Vol. 58, N 7, p.611-617


Tarasov A.N.

Akhiezer Institute for Theoretical Physics, National Science Center
“Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology”, Nat. Acad. of Sci. of Ukraine
(1, Akademichna Str., Kharkiv 61108, Ukraine; e-mail: antarasov@kipt.kharkov.ua)

Magnetic Susceptibilities of Dense Superfluid Neutron Matter with Generalized Skyrme Forces and Spin-Triplet Pairing at Zero Temperature

Section: Fields and elementary particles
Original Author's Text: English

Abstract: Magnetic properties of a dense superfluid neutron matter (relevant to the physics of neutron star cores) at subnuclear and supranuclear densities (in the range 0.5 n/n0 3.0, where n0 = 0.17 (fm−3) is the saturation nuclear density) with the so-called generalized Skyrme effective forces BSk18, BSk19, BSk20, BSk21 (containing additional unconventional densitydependent terms) and with spin-triplet p-wave pairing (with spin S = 1 and orbital moment L = 1) in the presence of a strong magnetic field are studied within the framework of the nonrelativistic generalized Fermi-liquid theory at zero temperature. The upper limit for the density range of a neutron matter is restricted by the magnitude 3n0 in order to avoid the account of relativistic corrections growing with density. The general formula obtained in [1] (valid for any parametrization of the Skyrme forces) for the magnetic susceptibility of a superfluid neutron matter at zero temperature is specified here for the new BSk18-BSk21 parametrizations of the Skyrme interaction. As is known, all previous conventional Skyrme interactions predict spin instabilities in a normal (nonsuperfluid) neutron matter beyond the saturation nuclear density. It is obtained in the present work that, for the model of superfluid neutron matter with new generalized BSk18-BSk21 parametrizations, such phase transition to the ferromagnetic state occurs neither at subnuclear nor at supranuclear densities. Thus, the high-density ferromagnetic instability is removed in the neutron matter with new generalized Skyrme forces BSk18-BSk21 not only in normal, but also in superfluid states with anisotropic spin-triplet pairing.

Key words: dense superfluid neutron matter, Skyrme forces, spin-triplet pairing.